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This page is a 'work in progress' and can change at any time :)

Purpose: Christian Eschatology is the study of study of the destiny of man as it is revealed in the Bible.  Why is this a relevant subject of research?  Because Jesus himself taught about it!  The 'Olivet Discourse' took place on the Mount of Olives and is covered in the synoptic Gospels (Matthew 24 / Mark 13 / Luke 21). That should be sufficient reason on its own, but the Bible also contains numerous other passages on the same topic -- including the most eschatolological book of all: Relevation.  If it wasn't important for us to know, Jesus would not have mentioned it.  So does Daniel, Ezekiel, Joel, Paul, and John!

Background: Up to 2012 and (almost) my 50th year, I had always accepted the most widely held evangelical understandings of the biblical book of Revelation i.e. a futurist literal fulfillment of the 'End Times', including the predominant 'Pre Tribulation' timing of the 'Rapture'. 

Present: As I set out for a 'big picture' understanding of the chronology involved, I was challenged with the newer (in name, but not in concept) theory of 'Pre Wrath Rapture'.  Although this interpretation is not without its own issues, I am now seeing it as 'fitting the facts' better than what I understood to this point.  With the disclaimer that I don't (yet?) fully endorse any particular person or group on this perspective, credit goes to the following:

Classic Essays:

NEW 2017/10/08! I was able to present an introduction to the Pre-Wrath perspective in an Adult Sunday School class that I participate in.  Here is a PDF of the presentation (devoid of speaker notes).

End Times Chronology: Second Coming / Rapture Core Events

The initial step was to collect the key non-Revelation Biblical passages that clearly reference 'End Times' events in order to construct a basic chronology of events, in a straight-forward manner that makes sense.  The following major events were apparent:
Using the analogy of a simple 50-piece jigsaw puzzle (the key Biblical passages involved), with some of the pieces already attached to each other (linear verses in chronological order already), it is a fairly simple task to assemble a recognizable picture (simple chronology of End Times events).  I challenge anyone else who is interested to try the same thing with the verses listed below, to see if they end up with the same (or similar) result!

From my class presentation slides, this one illustrates the basic chronology of Daniel's 70th week that can be mapped to Jesus (in Matthew 24) and Paul (in Thessalonians):

                70th week

When this simple partial chronology is overlaid on the book of Revelation, the most reasonable position is apparently after the '6th Seal' openings, as shown below (pick either summary or detail cross-reference verse listings):

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Revelation Cross-Reference Summary Revelation Cross-Reference Detail

Revelation Chronology: Overall Outline

You will find no attempt on this page to 'date set' any of the events described in the book of Revelation, since I find those efforts to be silly (at best) and dangerous (at worst).  However, I am interested to form a logical framework for understanding the chronological sequence of events (without dates) as they will occur -- noting that though the book is mostly chronological as written, it is not 100% sequential.  Many chapters appear to 'review' in greater detail events that had already been mentioned.

In this attempted chronological outline of Revelation, I have color-coded the cells/chapters which are clear to me are in chronological order i.e. events/periods following one another back-to-back (GREEN).  Other cells/chapters describe longer time frames (i.e. 3.5 years) and overlap with the previous ones (BLUE).  The overall duration of Revelation 6 to 19 is 7 years i.e Daniel's 70th Week, the last half (3.5 years) beginning with the Great Tribulation. The half-way point is not clear, but probably occurs in Revelation 6 i.e. during the first six Seals -- perhaps the 5th Seal, since this is associated with martyrdom (those speculations are marked in RED).  According to the timeline explored above, the Second Coming of Christ and Rapture occur soon after the 6th Seal (those speculations are marked in GOLD).  After this begins The Day of the Lord (marked in BLACK).  The chronological duration/placement of the remaining cells is not clear, and are perhaps more parenthetical.

Ephesus Church
Smyrna Church
Pergamum Church
Thyatira Church
Sardis Church
Philadelphia Church
Laodecia Church
Living Beings
Lamb & Scroll
Rev 1
Rev 2:1-7
Rev 2:8-11
Rev 2:12-17
Rev 2:18-29
Rev 3:1-6
Rev 3:7-13
Rev 3:14-22
Rev 4
Rev 5

Birth Pains Begin?
Seal 1
Seal 2
Seal 3
Antichrist Revealed?
Seal 5
Christ Appears? Fear of Wrath
144000 Sealed
Believers Before Throne
Seal 7
Golden Censer
Wars Famines Earthquakes
Rev 6:1-2
Rev 6:3-4
Rev 6:5-6
Great Tribulation Begins?
Rev 6:7-8 Rev 6:9-11
Rev 6:12-14
Rapture of Believers? Rev 6:15-17
Rev 7:1-8
Rev 7:9-17
Rev 8:1
Rev 8:2-3

Day of the Lord Begins?
Trumpet 1
Trumpet 2
Trumpet 3
Trumpet 4
Eagle Warning
5 - Woe 1
- Woe 2?
Small Scroll
2 Witnesses
= 3.5 Years
7 -
Woe 3?
Wrath Begins?
Rev 8:6-7
Rev 8:8-9
Rev 8:10-11
Rev 8:12
Rev 8:13
Rev 9:1-12 (see also Rev 20:1-3) Rev 9:13-21
Rev 10
Rev 11:1-14
Rev 11:15-19

Woman & Dragon
= 3.5 Years
Sea Beast
= 3.5 Years
Earth Beast & 666
144000 Redeemed
3 Angels & Babylon Fall
Angel & Sickle & Wrath
Rev 12:1-17 (see also John 12:31) Rev 12:18-13:10
Rev 13:11-18
Rev 14:1-5
Rev 14:6-13
Rev 14:14-20

Song of Moses
Bowls of Wrath Given
3 Evil Spirits
Rev 15:1-4
Rev 15:5-16:1
Rev 16:2
Rev 16:3
Rev 16:4-7
Rev 16:8-9
Rev 16:10-11
Rev 16:12
Rev 16:13-16
Rev 16:17-21

Prostitute & Babylon
Babylon Fall
Victory Songs & Wedding Supper
White Horse Rider & Armageddon Battle
1000 Year Peace
Final Battle
White Throne Judge
New Jerusalem
Rev 17
Rev 18
Rev 19:1-10
Rev 19:11-21
Rev 20:1-6
Rev 20:7-10
Rev 20:11-15
Rev 21:1-22:6
Rev 22:7-21

Revelation Chronology: Overview Chart

The clearest simple chart that I have found so far that makes sense to me is this one from The Pre-Wrath Tribune:

JPG Revelation Chart

Here is another useful chart from Robert Van Kampen's "The Sign":

JPG endtime overview

Daniel Chronology: Anti-Christ & 7 Year Link to Matthew

Daniel 9:27; 11:31; 12:11-12

He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And at the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him...“His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation...“From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days. Blessed is the one who waits for and reaches the end of the 1,335 days.
My Comments: Anti-Christ involved in 7-year peace plan.  Broken after 3.5 years with end to temple sacrifices when the 'Abomination that causes Desolation' occurs.  Another 3.5+ years till the End.  NOTE: In order to understand that Daniel 12:11 is stating that the 1290 days follows both the 'end to sacrifice and offering' and 'abomination that causes desolation', you need to take into account the other parallel verses which clarify that point.

Matthew 24:15-26

“So when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation,’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel—let the reader understand— then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let no one on the housetop go down to take anything out of the house. Let no one in the field go back to get their cloak. How dreadful it will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers! Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath. For then there will be great distress, unequaled from the beginning of the world until now—and never to be equaled again. “If those days had not been cut short, no one would survive, but for the sake of the elect those days will be shortened. At that time if anyone says to you, ‘Look, here is the Messiah!’ or, ‘There he is!’ do not believe it. For false messiahs and false prophets will appear and perform great signs and wonders to deceive, if possible, even the elect. See, I have told you ahead of time.  “So if anyone tells you, ‘There he is, out in the wilderness,’ do not go out; or, ‘Here he is, in the inner rooms,’ do not believe it.

My Comments: Christ confirms Daniel's prophecy, and that it will start the most terrible time period in Earth's history, when a false Messiah appears.

Ezekiel Chronology: Gog/Magog Link to Revelation

Ezekiel 38:1-2,7-8,17-18

The word of the Lord came to me:
“Son of man, set your face against Gog, of the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshek and Tubal; prophesy against him...Get ready; be prepared, you and all the hordes gathered about you, and take command of them. After many days you will be called to arms. In future years you will invade a land that has recovered from war, whose people were gathered from many nations to the mountains of Israel, which had long been desolate. They had been brought out from the nations, and now all of them live in safety...This is what the Sovereign Lord says: You are the one I spoke of in former days by my servants the prophets of Israel. At that time they prophesied for years that I would bring you against them. This is what will happen in that day: When Gog attacks the land of Israel, my hot anger will be aroused, declares the Sovereign Lord.

Ezekiel 39:17-20

“Son of man, this is what the Sovereign LORD says: Call out to every kind of bird and all the wild animals: ‘Assemble and come together from all around to the sacrifice I am preparing for you, the great sacrifice on the mountains of Israel. There you will eat flesh and drink blood.  You will eat the flesh of mighty men and drink the blood of the princes of the earth as if they were rams and lambs, goats and bulls—all of them fattened animals from Bashan.  At the sacrifice I am preparing for you, you will eat fat till you are glutted and drink blood till you are drunk.  At my table you will eat your fill of horses and riders, mighty men and soldiers of every kind,’ declares the Sovereign LORD.

Revelation 19:17-18

And I saw an angel standing in the sun, who cried in a loud voice to all the birds flying in midair, “Come, gather together for the great supper of God,  so that you may eat the flesh of kings, generals, and the mighty, of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, great and small.”

Revelation 20:7-9

When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth—Gog and Magog—and to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God’s people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them.
My Comments: At first glance, it would appear as though the Ezekiel 38/39 Gog/Magog battle is the same one as the Armegeddon battle described in Revelation 19 i.e. same references to birds and animals assembling, but the link of combatants (i.e. Gog of Magog) and conditions (i.e. time of peace) make it much more likely that the Ezekiel battle is the Final Battle mentioned in Revelation 20, which follows the Millenium.  However, this is not a 100% confident conclusion on my part.  For more detail on this study, see the following rough comparison between Ezekiel 38/39, and the two massive battles described in Revelation 16/19 (Armageddon) and Revelation 20 (Final Battle).

NT Chronology: Matthew & 1 Thessalonians

Matthew 24:30-31,37-39,40-41,44,48-50

“Then will appear the sign of the Son of Man in heaven. And then all the peoples of the earth will mourn when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of heaven, with power and great glory. And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other...As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.  For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark; and they knew nothing about what would happen until the flood came and took them all away. That is how it will be at the coming of the Son of Man...Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and the other left. Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken and the other left... So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him...But suppose that servant is wicked and says to himself, ‘My master is staying away a long time,’ and he then begins to beat his fellow servants and to eat and drink with drunkards. The master of that servant will come on a day when he does not expect him and at an hour he is not aware of."

1 Thessalonians 4:15-17,5:2-6

According to the Lord’s word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first.  After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever...for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night.  While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape....But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief. You are all children of the light and children of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness. So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be awake and sober.

My Comments: This core sequence of future events spoken by Jesus, and discussed again by Paul, are in extremely close agreement on a number of factors, highly suggestive that they are referring to the same events.  Together, they confirm that the the 'Arrival' of Jesus (i.e. '2nd Coming') occurs at the same time as the 'Gathering' of Believers (i.e. 'Rapture') -- which is during the 'Persecution' of Believers by the Anti-Christ (i.e. 'Great Tribulation) -- and before the 'Wrath' of God begins.  The day/hour of these events is unknown, but there are clearly-stated events which precede them.  It is unbelievers that are caught unaware by these momentous events.

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                vs 1 thessalonians